What are bottom feeders?
Bottom feeder fish is the aquatic animal that primarily lives and eats at the bottom of a water on or near the body of water. Instead of grabbing food on its surface, or the middle, the bottom feeders get their food from the substrate or at the bottom of the water. Some are scavengers who usually eat dead invertebrates and fishes.
What Classifies Bottom Feeder Fish?
If you are wondering what the characteristics of a bottom feeder fish are, this section will clarify that for you. While the simple answer would be “fish spending their time at the bottom of the tank” there are a few other features you will mostly notice about a bottom feeder.
Type of mouth and their position
Bottom feeder fish usually have very different mouths than most other fish. This serves the purpose of helping them to easily grab and eat while gliding along the substrate. Suckermouths are a common feature of bottom feeders’ fish, which are being used in different ways. The first is to help them stick to whatever area they are camping on. This could be a rock, a log, or a glass in your tank. It is also very effective when it comes to food too. Since these fish often feed on algae and other microorganisms that can be hard to reach, their suckermouths allow them to escape from any attached area.
Their mouths are positioned on the underside of the fish. Because of the way they scavenge and hunt for food. This allows them to easily capture anything they find on the substrate while observing their environment for any potential threats.
This is another aspect to consider. Since the fish that feed on the bottom often roll over the base or rest in flat areas, having a flat belly makes it much easier. When other fish search for food that has fallen on the ground, they need to swim to the ground and pivot their entire body just to find it. After that, they need to swim above the substrate to protect themselves from abortions.
A flat belly makes it easier for bottom dwellers to stay close to the substrate so that they do not miss anything and can make a quick grab on food that falls on the bottom.
Barbels are little like slender whiskers located on the head of a fish which may also extend from the nostrils or can sometimes be on the chin. They are used as aid to navigate successfully in low visibility bodies of waters or murky waters in search of food.
Barbels also hoses taste receptors that distinguish between enzymes in water and also to know if it is food or a possible source of danger.
Benefits of bottom feeder fish for your fish tank.
The bottom feeder fish below are a great addition to almost any aquarium. They are added to the tanks mainly as a fresh fish. They eat pieces of food that make it past top and mid-levels of the aquarium. More so, the aquariums are likened to small ecosystems, and they work in the same way as ponds and lakes.
The bottom feeders feed on leftovers that sink in-depth, they also feed on dead matter to algae in the bottom of the tank. This keeps the aquarium clean while maintaining balance in the ecosystem. In the absence of the bottom scavengers or feeders, leftovers will decay and the aquarium will get contaminated.
Also, including bottom feeders in your aquarium tank will another layer of interest that will make your aquarium look good and nicer? They come in many shapes and colors. And each species has its own behaviors. The bottom layer of the tank can be made colorful and pleasing not only by pebbles, plants, and crustaceans. It is also essential to add bottom dwellers to your tank as they can add delightful movements to the lower end of the tank.
Listed below are fourteen bottom feeder fishes:
This is one of the smallest aquarium species that exist. It is widely sought after for its small size, compactness and easy-going nature. Similar to the suckermouth Pleco, Bristlenose pleco also continues to absorb algae and other particles from the tank, thus cleaning the tank.
They come in dark, subtle and pale colors such as black, brown, gray, olive and albino and are easy to care for as they are calm. They live up to five years and can grow up to 5 inches in size.
Bristlenose plecos have tentacles on their head and bony plates covering their bodies. The tentacles of the male fish are longer compared to the female. They are constantly sucking and sweeping the bottom of the tank. As easy to maintain, it is a good choice for beginner’s fish keepers.
The species of carp are mostly in the water of North America from Europe and Asia. Even though the carp, the most green fish, sometimes feeds on the bottom. They are omnivorous and so feed on plants, larvae, algae, and bugs on land.
They equally inhabit lakes, streams, and rivers. The common carp crawls on the ground and uses its ventral mouth to catch anything that is edible. More so, its teeth are found in its throat and looks like the molars of humans.
Peppered Cory catfish (Corydoras paleatus)
Peppered Cory catfish grows to a height of six cm in size. These feeders on the bottom have green and black spots around the body, and under its parts are white in colour. This species is not difficult to be cared for, and is recommended to beginners.
They are amazing and you can have a lot of fun watching them being in a group of about six or more in a tank. The Peppered Cory catfish need nutritious food, so they need food for both animal and plant, and it is okay to feed them dipped fish, dried worms, shrimp pellets, and other foods that are organic.
They equally need at least a tank of about ten water gallons, with enough and proper hiding places like the coconut caves, in which they can hide away from light.
There are many varieties of loaches suitable for aquariums that have different shapes and sizes, species of loaches like the giant clown need good care, and is good for aquarists with great experience, and hence there are about three types of loaches recommended for beginners.
Zebra Loach (Botia striata)
This is an amazing species of the loach, they are bottom dwellers and grow up to similar length as other common fish, for about three point five over nine centimeters and are perfect for aquariums.
Just like its name, it has a white and black colour, and its tail and fins are translucent. Feeding the loach is not very tasking as it can feed on a daphnia, catfish pellets, and brine shrimp. They are best kept in a seventy-eight liter tank, with substrates that are quite soft.
They are usually about thirteen inches in size, and can live until about fourteen years under the right water conditions. They are friendly and interact with other species, and although they are bottom feeders, the khuli loach swim separately, hence, it is commendable to have about five of them in one tank that is about eighty centimeters by its size.
In appearance, the fish has an eel shape, and is yellow with brown and black stripes that are vertical. They also have some barbels within their mouth, this barbel helps them feel the food within a range. They are carnivores and can hunt for their food, and can still be served with frozen foods or foods such as bloodworms and the brine shrimp. They are not friendly with shrimps and snails and should not be added together.
Yoyo Loach (Botia almorhae)
The yoyo loach grows to about 13-15 cm in size. This species is usually active and need a substrate and the depth of a tank for food. However, because of the energy they emit, fishes that are smaller in size and are not very active tend to stay away from them.
This species have black and brown stripes around its body from which the name yoyo was derived because the stripes that are black in colour are Y as in shape and are across the O on its body, hence the name yoyo. They are also carnivores and will feed on pellets and fish flakes, so aquarists must be careful before adding any little invertebrate.
Otocinclus species usually do well with in groups of at least 6 per tank. This species have a peppered body with black colour, they have about ten centimeters.
They are peaceful, friendly and are able to be with small fishes. However, they have a different diet which is why it is not easy to care for them. This species feeds on Algae wafers and vegetables as vegetarians.
They feed on algaes so much that they start to clean up stones to ensure that there are no more algaes on the glasses, in the caves, and other hiding places, as well as in different parts of the aquarium, because of their sizes, a tank size of about thrirty-eight liters (38 liter) with enough small caves, and rocks for their hiding places is eassential. They need a good substrate, a good aeration, and a standard system of filtration.
Twig catfish (Farlowella sp.)
The Farlowella or the twig species of catfish is part of the bottom feeders, and grows up to fifteen centimeters in size. This species of fishes has a unique ability to hide in its natural habitats because of its appearance, which has also giving it its name.
In appearance, the fish is slender, long, and beautiful with an elongated nose, as well as a beautiful brown and black colour, and most importantly, a twig like look that gives it the name. They are very beautiful, and add the best to most tanks.
They feed on plants and animals and so are omnivores. It is best to feed them frozen food, blood worms, and algae. More so, twigs get nutrients from algae and fishes that are left over, however, it is important to monitor their feeding routine to be sure that they eat healthy.
Twigs require a tank that is about fifty gallons, and the tank must have enough pebbles and rocks.
“Mangrove bumblebee goby (Brachygobius kabiliensis)” by wildsingapore is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
The Bumblebee Goby is native to freshwater areas in the southeastern part of the Asian continent. These carnivorous fish seem to sweep the bottom of the tank into which they are allowed to enter. The Bumblebee Gobies grow to a height of 4.2 inches. They have a short life span of four years.
They are always sought for their sophisticated appearance and their colorful presence. Bumblebee loaches are very knowledgeable about their location, so they may be able to fight off areas more often. The scientific name of Bumblebee Goby is Brachygobiusxanthozona. it requires the supply of very brackish water to thrive. So be careful when buying a Bumblebee Goby for your aquarium or tank.
Siamese Algae Eater
The eaters of Siamese algae are silver or gold in color with a black horizontal line separating their body. Their smooth body makes them look attractive.
As the name implies, these fish are award-winning winners in the field of algae food. If you are going to buy them and put them in your tank, then you do not have to worry about cleaning up the annoying algae waste. People often confuse the Siamese flying fox with the Siamese Algae Eater. The scientific binomial of Siamese Algae eaters is Crossochelius oblongus. These are the most peaceful fish that grow well on their own and in groups. These fish are also very easy to care for as they require very little attention. They live for up to ten years and grow to a size of six inches.
Tiger Shovelnose Catfish
The scientific binomial of Tiger Shovelnose Catfish is the Pseudoplatystomafasciatum. The common name for this fish is Barred Sorubium. These are many types of fish, so be prepared to buy a larger tank. They will grow to over 60 pounds in size. They are very east to take care of. The only thing that matters is that you have to give them more space. They reach a height of 15 feet 4 feet and can live up to 20 years in ideal conditions.
Water Aquarium snails are one of the best bottom feeders. They do a good job of hunting over algae that are hard to reach. While many other fish will catch algae, the persistence and small size of the snail gives them a unique advantage. And they’re about as low maintenance as available. They are easy to care for.
Shrimp is one of the most commonly neglected bottom feeders that does an amazing job of keeping your tank organized while in a very low condition. Like snails, these tiny creatures regularly hunt for algae and other floating organisms around your freshwater aquarium. These little critters are adorable and fun to watch.
By rushing to fill their tanks with fish, many aquarists are missing out on how delightful shrimp can be. They work well with a variety of other fish and can be cared for without much difficulty.
As long as the freshwater conditions required are the same as the shrimp it will be fine. There are many of great shrimp to choose from for your tank. Our personal favorites are the Cherry shrimp and amano shrimp. Both of these animals have everything you want and look great too!
You now have many options for large bottom feeder fish that you can add to your tank. No matter what type of setup of fish tank you have.
No matter what type of setup of fish tank you have. Water should be conditioned and filtered the right way. The filter of ammonia and nitrate should be kept low. These fish are very sensitive to sudden changes; you have to keep an eye on them.